The Reading List : The Moderns

Voltaire (1694-1778)

  • Letters on the English
  • Candide
  • Philosophical Dictionary

Henry Fielding (1707-1754)

  • Joseph Andrews
  • Tom Jones

Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

  • The Vanity of Human Wishes
  • Dictionary
  • Resselas
  • The Lives of the Poets

David Hume (1711-1776)

  • Treatise of Human Nature
  • Essays of Moral and Political
  • An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

  • On the Origin of Inequality
  • On Political Economy
  • Emile
  • The Social Contract

Laurence Sterne (1713-1768)

  • Tristram Shandy
  • A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy

Adam Smith (1723-1790)

  • The Theory of the Moral Sentiments
  • Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

  • Critique of Pure Reason
  • Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
  • Critique of Practical Reason
  • The Science of Right
  • Critique of Judgement
  • Perpetual Peace

Edmund Burke (1729-1797)

  • Works

Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)

  • The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  • Autobiography

James Boswell (1740-1795)

  • Journals
  • Life of Samuel Johnson, Ll.D.

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794)

  • Elements of Chemistry

John Jay (1745-1829), James Madison (1751-1836), Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804), et al.

  • Federalist Papers
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Constitution of the United States
  • Declaration of Independence

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)

  • Introduction of the Principles of Morals and Legislation
  • Theory of Fictions

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)

  • Works

Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830)

  • Analytical Theory of Heat

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)

  • Phenomenology of Spirit
  • Philosophy of Right
  • Lectures on the Philosophy of History

William Wordsworth (1770-1850)

  • Poems

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

  • Poems
  • Biographia Literaria

Jane Austen (1775-1817)

  • Works

Karl von Clausewitz (1780-1831)

  • On War

Stendhal (1783-1842)

  • The Red and the Black
  • The Charterhouse of Parma
  • On Love

Lord Byron (1788-1860)

  • Don Juan

Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

  • Studies in Pessimism

Michael Faraday (1791-1867)

  • Chemical History of a Candle
  • Experimental Researches in Electricity

Charles Lyell (1797-1867)

  • Principles of Geology

Auguste Comte (1798-1857)

  • The Positive Philosophy

Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837)

  • Works

Honore de Balzac (1799-1850)

  • Pere Goriot
  • Eugenie Grandet

St. John Henry Newman (1801-1890)

  • Works

Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870)

  • The Count of Monte Cristo

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

  • Representative Men
  • Essays
  • Journal

Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)

  • The Scarlet Letter

Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872)

  • Works

Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859)

  • Democracy in America

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

  • A System of Logic
  • On Liberty
  • Representative Government
  • Utilitarianism
  • The Subjection of Women
  • Autobiography

Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852)

  • Stories
  • The Government Inspector
  • Dead Souls

Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

  • The Origin of Species
  • The Descent of Man
  • Autobiography

Charles Dickens (1812-1870)

  • Works

Soren Kierekegaard (1813-1855)

  • Works

Claude Bernard (1813-1878)

  • Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

  • Civil Disobedience
  • Walden

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

  • Capital
  • Communist Manifesto

George Eliot (1819-1880)

  • Adam Bede
  • Middlemarch

 Herman Melville (1819-1891)

  • Moby Dick
  • Billy Budd

Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881)

  • Works

Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)

  • Madame Bovary
  • Three Stories

Francis Parkman (1823-1893)

  • The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life
  • France and England in North America

Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)

  • Plays

Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)

  • Works

First Vatican Council

St. Pius X (1835-1914)

  • Works

Mark Twain (1835-1910)

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  • The Mysterious Stranger

William James (1842-1910)

  • The Principles of Psychology
  • The Varieties of Religious Experience
  • Pragmatism
  • Essays in Radical Empiricism

Henry James (1843-1916)

  • The American
  • The Ambassadors

Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889)

  • Poems

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900)

  • Thus Spoke Zarathustra
  • Beyond Good and Evil
  • The Genealogy of Morals
  • The Will to Power

Jules Henri Poincare (1854-1912)

  • Science and Hypothesis
  • Science and Method

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

  • The Interpretation of Dreams
  • Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis
  • Civilization and Its Discontents
  • New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis

George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

  • Plays

Max Planck (1858-1947)

  • Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory
  • Where is Science Going?
  • Scientific Autobiography

Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)

  • Works

Henri Bergson (1859-1941)

  • Time and Free Will
  • Matter and Memory
  • Creative Evolution
  • The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

John Dewey (1859-1952)

  • How We Think
  • Democracy and Education
  • Experience and Nature
  • Logic, the Theory of Inquiry

Anton Chekhov (1860-1904)

  • Works

Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947)

  • An Introduction to Mathematics
  • Science and the Modern World
  • The Aims of Education and Other Essays
  • Adventures of Ideas

George Santayana (1863-1952)

  • The Life of Reason
  • Skepticism and Animal Faith
  • Persons and Places

Paul Claudel (1868-1955)

  • Works

Hilaire Belloc (1870-1953)

  • Works
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